At the moment in my company we have only PM, and as we are a small team we know who would fit for the type of project we have, based on our experience.

As our company grows rapidly, we hired a HR manager and he asked me to define career path for our project manager.

I can't figure out when the junior become senior. I could say it's after x projects or x years of experience, but as I'm young I don't believe the experience is the unique factor.

  • This is subjective and local. The answer for your firm is different than the answer for my firm. You get to be a senior when your management says you are a senior (and possibly when juniors start to look up to you).
    – MCW
    Jul 8, 2014 at 18:08
  • 1
    Though ask "when" one changes titles can be seen as a naive question, the subtleties for differentiating titles are more important drivers, and I have attempted to answer the question in a way that makes for a more meaningful discussion — and thus have upvoted. Jul 9, 2014 at 13:04

4 Answers 4


This is always going to be a subjective measure because it is not a binary decision-it is not like an exam that you have either passed or not.

Having said that, in most situations I have come across it is decided through defined (and somewhat arbitrary) combinations of:

  • years of experience in Project Management
  • experience with different team sizes (i.e. small project teams to large project teams)
  • experience with different project types (i.e. software delivery, business change, infrastructure delivery etc.)
  • experience with a range of project budgets (i.e. "small" ~25k, "medium" ~ 25-250k, "large" 250k-2M etc.)
  • experience of deliveries across different areas of the business (e.g. in my line of work Claims, Underwriting, classes of business etc.)

It is usually fairly easy to understand if someone is either a Junior or Senior, it is much more difficult to define what makes them one or the other!

It is made even more difficult by the fact that how your organisation might want to measure/judge it which could be different from how another will decide, so it is not really possible to provide meaningful thresholds - your mileage will indeed vary.


"Junior" and "Senior" are relative titles.

Semantically speaking, you would need minimally 2 PMs in order to quantify that one was "Sr" to the other. Comprehensively, you may need 3 or more PMs, since "jr" and "sr" titles define classes, and a population of 2 hardly creates differentiated 'classes'.

E.G. "junior" PMs would often report to the "senior" PM.... not just have a mentorship exchange with the Sr. PM. I hope you can see from the tiny illustration how such titles are really more about your company's organization structure, rather than having to do with an industry-absolute-skill level.

Why must you define "Jr" and "Sr"?

  1. Is it to motivate the employees? Are there retention and satisfaction issues that are being covered inadvertently?
  2. Is it to empower their career development beyond the scope of employment with your firm?
  3. Is it to define compensation levels?

Look to the driver for why such titles are needed. It may reveal a more important matter.


Consider this:
If you would open a Senior PM position in your company what would you put as the requirements for the job description and requirements?
If a junior is near those reqirements you may consider him/her as Senior. Generaly speaking when people get more responsibilities they try to step up to it and also it is a good motivator.


Senior is when you can let them or you trust them to work by his / her own decission. On the other hand when u deal with Junior, you probably need to always monitor his / her act regarding on every work he / she responsible to.

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