I am hoping to establish whether there are technical terms, used in project management, for two different basic approaches to structure and roles; and if so what these terms are.
Sometimes a business or project decides on an ideal structure consisting of various roles. They then appoint individuals to these roles.
Sometimes a business or project looks first at the individuals and then designs roles to fit them.
The first approach may be criticised as puting square pegs in rond holes. The second as placing individuals ahead of the group.
A large company with access to a large labour pool might be more likely to go with the first approach. Design an ideal structure and appoint people to specific roles within it.
A family business or a small group-based project is more likely to assign tasks with regard to the available people, their skills and interests.
Are there terms for these approaches?