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Questions tagged [scrum]

For questions about using or implementing the Scrum framework.

138
votes
18answers
86k views

Why use story points instead of hours for estimating?

After using hours to estimate our projects for a long time and rarely coming within 20% of actual "work-to-ship," I have been told by a handful of people that "points" work a lot better at gauging the ...
73
votes
11answers
20k views

Why can't the ScrumMaster and the project manager be the same person?

How a ScrumMaster does compare to a traditional project manager, and can either role coincide with the role of product manager or project sponsor / project owner?
68
votes
14answers
89k views

When to Use Waterfall, When to Use Scrum ?

Where I lecture, I was always taught to use waterfall to manage projects, but when I finished college, waterfall wasn't the only method that can be used for project management, and I am very ...
55
votes
7answers
16k views

How to deal with unavoidable on-demand tasks in Scrum? Or should we even try?

I was put in charge of implementing Scrum in my Development Team. Unfortunately, the company I work with has a rather stale structure that does not go well with this framework. The team works on a ...
49
votes
5answers
5k views

Is Scrum a status report meeting or a developer meeting?

I'm a developer and we started using Agile last year (October 2011). And, it has been rough to say the least. I was always taught Scrum was to discuss the following: What you did yesterday What you ...
42
votes
15answers
71k views

Where to Find a Desktop Kanban board application? [closed]

I have been looking for a week now, all over the net for a simple desktop based kanban management system. I work in a distributed team, but my company won't accept to use an exterior webapp like ...
36
votes
14answers
17k views

Should bugs be treated as stories or as tasks?

If you're using scrum you should know that there is a clear difference between tasks and stories. A story is something that is valuable to user. A task is a step to produce that value to user. So, ...
33
votes
8answers
3k views

Strict or pragmatic Scrum?

Do you practice Scrum strictly after its rules or are you going a more pragmatic way, picking out the bits that suit you/your environment best, maybe mixing it up with other methodologies ? In other ...
31
votes
13answers
13k views

Why does management have to “buy into” Scrum?

I have read over and over that in order for Scrum to work, "Management has to buy into Scrum." Can you tell me why that is? What management are they talking about, the company stakeholders that have ...
31
votes
16answers
42k views

How long should an Agile Sprint be?

I'm currently the PM on a project that is scheduled to run for about 14 months. The current sprint structure is 4 weeks of development; week 5 allows us to show the progress to the client, deploy it ...
30
votes
17answers
2k views

How to allow developers to get enough quality development time while keeping to support & maintenance obligations

I work for a small company of 6 multi-skilled developers where we have developed our own product which requires constant improvement but also maintenance and support, both for the current release from ...
27
votes
4answers
65k views

Which Scrum certification provider is most widely recognized or accepted?

I am planning to go for Scrum Master certification, and while researching the certification providers, I could not clearly make up my mind about which one was most widely accepted. There are two ...
26
votes
2answers
45k views

Why do Scrum user stories only use the Fibonacci series?

I know that user stories in Scrum are measured with a Modified Fibonacci sequence (0.5, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 20, 40...). Why does Scrum only use Fibonacci numbers to estimate stories?
25
votes
6answers
7k views

Can PRINCE2 and SCRUM work together?

This question has raised a debate within my organization with multiple points of view. Several Project Managers think that they are completely different things aiming for different results whereas ...
24
votes
7answers
4k views

Scrum, Agile, Kanban looking for 'for dummies' type of information [closed]

I'm sure I'm not alone in this. I have heard and read a lot of snippets of information about this topic and I've formed my own understanding - probably not the best way to assess the value or try to ...
24
votes
3answers
6k views

Can Scrum be suited to smaller development teams?

I'm not a 100% certain that this is the best place for this question as it's a little more development methodology related than directly project management related. I work at a company where the ...
24
votes
6answers
2k views

Any tips on how to 'sell' the necessity of dealing with technical debt to nontechnical stakeholders?

A number of stakeholders do not quite understand the necessity of dealing with technical debt preferring new features on top of not very maintainable code. Development is sometimes seen as kids who ...
24
votes
9answers
8k views

Which sticky note is the stickiest?

The question might sound a tad silly, but I'm actually trying to solve a real problem. Our team room has a glass wall, which we also use as our kanban board with hand-written swimlanes (= status) and ...
24
votes
1answer
497 views

What is a “battery”?

I was very surprised to read, in this question, the mention of “batteries” as a PM tool, seemingly linked to Scrum. The OP talks about an article about their use, but none of my desperate Googling ...
23
votes
7answers
2k views

Advice for dealing with a cowboy programmer in an agile team

We have a cowboy coder in our team i.e. he likes to take advantage developing some new features or tools that are not always requested nor useful. We use scrum/kanban for development, and it is quite ...
22
votes
9answers
10k views

Can a Product Owner be a developer in Scrum?

Can a Product Owner be a developer in Scrum? In theory, yes, but is it recommended by Scrum?
21
votes
14answers
11k views

What is better: a physical Scrum board or an online board?

I used to practice Scrum with a physical board. We often faced problems when working with distributed teams or just when going into a meeting room. So I decided to implement a SaaS service to provide ...
21
votes
7answers
15k views

How do you schedule delivery dates in Scrum?

I've run into a constant issue. When a project starts, the client typically has a list of functionalities to be built in to the application. As a team we would like to follow Scrum. But the next thing ...
21
votes
4answers
5k views

How do handle adhoc work during a sprint from pressing customers

I intend to introduce sprints to my company, fairly new to it myself. Not sure if it's appropriate for my current situation, we have several on going projects, all of them are ERP scale size and most ...
21
votes
5answers
17k views

How to make Scrum of Scrums meetings more productive?

At my job, we're having a Scrum of Scrums meeting where all the Scrum Masters get together. This meeting is turning into a boring meeting where everyone gives their status update. I'm trying to make ...
21
votes
3answers
14k views

Scaled scrum/agile frameworks (SAFe vs. Nexus vs. LeSS) comparison

Would someone please shed some light on the differences between: LeSS: http://less.works/ Nexus: https://www.scrum.org/Resources/The-Nexus-Guide SAFe: http://www.scaledagileframework.com/ Background:...
21
votes
3answers
8k views

How can a team working on research based items work in an Agile project?

My R&D organization is following an Agile (Scrum) development methodology. One of the development teams is working mostly on items that are really problematic in terms of the certainty during the ...
20
votes
7answers
14k views

Is Certified Scrum Master valuable?

What is the value in Certified Scrum Master certifications? I'll be quite honest in saying that I've never put a lot of thought into such certifications, but it seems like if you are interested in ...
20
votes
7answers
4k views

Why use both story points and hours?

I'm a new scrum master for a team that is using story point estimation and hours. We do story points first during grooming and then hours during planning. I always thought of story points as being ...
20
votes
8answers
10k views

How to apply Scrum in fixed date, fixed budget project?

Considering that we work on a project with fixed deadlines and fixed budget and we use Scrum: what are best practices we should use to make this setup successful? Since Scrum wasn't directly designed ...
19
votes
7answers
14k views

How can we manage multiple projects, as one small scrum team?

I know Agile came about as a group of 'adaptive software development' methods, where Scrum is one of them. Some background: We are an innovative web agency, which implies design and development. We ...
18
votes
7answers
18k views

Agile methodologies such as Scrum in non-software development projects

Even though Scrum was originally suggested for managing product development projects, its use has focused on the management of software development projects. None of the project management teams I ...
18
votes
5answers
18k views

What is the difference between Scrum and XP?

Everything is in the title: What is the difference between Scrum and eXtreme Programming? Is it possible to have a simple but explicit explanation?
18
votes
6answers
13k views

Where should design be incorporated in an agile process?

We use a scrum-based agile development process. But where should design get incorporated? Separate user stories? Tasks on stories? We currently think of design as a separate task and break it out as ...
18
votes
3answers
35k views

Sprint Backlog vs Product Backlog

I was always under impression that Sprint Backlog is part of Product Backlog -> it's impossible to add anything into Sprint Backlog without affecting Product Backlog However, according to one of the ...
18
votes
5answers
3k views

How should a team handle disagreements about story-point estimates in Scrum?

During estimation, the Product Owner presents a user story that seems clear to a team that usually knows their strengths and weaknesses, and that is not hostile. What should the Scrum Master do if the ...
17
votes
5answers
19k views

What is the role of a QA tester on a Scrum team?

I've recently added a QA tester to our new Scrum team. The tester comes with a lot of experience in automated testing and is capable of scripting, light coding, etc. He will be using automation tools, ...
17
votes
3answers
3k views

Hot swapping people in a scrum team

In a company, the scrum teams are partly on-shore and partly off-shore. Usually this is 50-50 or 60-40. The teams in their current composition have been mostly going on in a scrum fashion just over a ...
17
votes
6answers
4k views

Running a sprint from Wednesday till Wednesday

Currently we have three teams who start their two week sprint on Monday and end it on Friday. We have some team-members who have every Friday off. Planning sprint reviews on Thursdays or earlier is ...
17
votes
7answers
2k views

How to better balance resources in a cross-functional agile team?

I am the project manager for a team composed of employees who were hired specifically as QA or development prior to agile/scrum being adopted by the organization. Just for background, I came into the ...
17
votes
3answers
2k views

Handling bugs in the Scrum process?

I have recently gone live with a big project. To meet a tight deadline some technical debt was accumulated but the true extent only became apparent after go live. As this is intended to be a ...
17
votes
4answers
8k views

In Scrum, how to estimate research stories?

In our Scrum team, when there is uncertainty about a story or the team is not sure about how to implement it, we take up a research story first. Based on the findings of this research story, we are ...
17
votes
2answers
1k views

SCRUM Sprint and tasks/user stories that cannot fit into a sprint!

Say I have an Epic that is estimated to take 3 sprints to do. And the Epic is broken down into A to Z tasks/user stories. Problem is, to do B, we need A, to do C we need B, etc.... And in sprint ...
16
votes
4answers
2k views

How to deal with hotfixes keeping the scrum methodology

My team works with scrum methodology. However, during some sprints we have hotfixes that have to be developed as soon as possible, so we treat them in the current sprint, and consequently we have an ...
15
votes
9answers
4k views

How to deal with a team member who constantly overestimates

In an ideal world using Scrum we are all supposed to take part in the iteration planning, select tasks and stories, from the groomed backlog. You then have a planning meeting where everyone comes ...
15
votes
4answers
4k views

What are the benefits of having fixed length sprints for agile?

Lately, I have been the solo developer on a software development project and I break down my project into functionality that I believe I should be able to implement in 1 or 2 weeks depending on the ...
15
votes
7answers
2k views

Why do Scrum adoptions fail?

Scrum is the most popular of agile methods and since agile has become mainstream it is chosen more and more often as something teams should try. No surprise we often see Scrum implementations fail. ...
15
votes
7answers
10k views

How can developers and testers agree on story point estimates?

Previously we used duration for each story, but in our current sprint we are using story points (effort) keeping test team effort separate from the development team effort. Story points are based on ...
15
votes
9answers
4k views

Managing scope creep in Agile

I often get asked this question in the interview, and no matter what I answer the interviewers do not seem to get satisfied. So, they start with asking how to manage scope creep in Project Management?...
15
votes
6answers
4k views

When developing the same app for multiple platforms how do you keep the implementation aligned

We have an Android native app and now want to build an iOS native version. We work scrum / kanban process. How best can we ensure that the Features / User Stories implementation on both versions align?...